Originally constructed as part of the Kaunas Fortress, Ninth Fort now serves as a museum dedicated to the atrocities committed here during the Soviet and Nazi occupations, and to its past role as an important stronghold. The building of the fort began in 1902 and was not completed until the night before the outbreak of World War I. Throughout the Soviet period of 1940 to 1941, the fort was used to house political prisoners before shipping them off to Siberia. During the Holocaust, it served as a place of mass murder, with over 30,000 Jews and 10,000 foreigners being executed here, in what came to be known as the Kaunas Massacre. Visit the memorial located on the grounds and pay your respects to the victims who died here. Learn more about the events that took place in the fort through the museum exhibits, displaying artifacts and historical records. To visit Ninth Fort on your holiday in Kaunas, and find out what else Kaunas has to offer, use our Kaunas trip itinerary app .
Ninth Fort Reviews
My first trip to Kaunas and used trip advisor to guide me through the sites. First visit was to The Ninth Fort, well worth it. Great value for money and interesting, indepth history. The grounds were ... more »
A destination that highlights the good, the bad and the horrific past of Kaunas’ / Lithuania’s population. It has educated both me and my wife to the suffering of Jewish and political prisoners that w... more »
A great place to visit for some historical indulgence, a very impressive monument and interesting fort. It's quite an emotionally moving spot due to the war crimes committed here. The snow added some visual beauty aswell. This along with the war museum in town is a great way to capture the history of Kaunas past and not so distant past.
A defence fort that was used as a extermination camp during WW2, in particular for the 73rd convoy from Drancy in May 1944. About 10 000 bodies were exhumed by the Russians, but total of 50 000 deaths is estimated. The museum now gives an inside view of not only the tragedy, but also the lives of (some of the) victims. Background music in some of the cells is a cello concerto written by Pal Hermann, one of the victims.
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Duration: 2h 30min
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