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The Marquesas Islands are a group of volcanic islands in French Polynesia, an overseas collectivity of France in the southern Pacific Ocean. The Marquesas are located at 9° 00 S, 139° 30 W. The highest point is the peak of Mount Oave on Ua Pou island at 1,230 m above sea level.Based on 2010 studies, new research suggests that the islands were colonized rapidly in two waves by indigenous colonists from West Polynesia, beginning, leading to development of a "remarkably uniform culture, human biology and language."The Marquesas Islands form one of the five administrative divisions of French Polynesia. The capital of the Marquesas Islands administrative subdivision is the settlement of Taiohae on the island of Nuku Hiva. The population of the Marquesas Islands was 9,264 inhabitants at the August 2012 census.HistoryThe first recorded settlers of the Marquesas were Polynesians, who, from archaeological evidence, were long believed by scholars to have arrived from West Polynesia before 100 AD; other estimates were settlement from 600 AD.However, a 2010 study using revised, high-precision radiocarbon dating based on more reliable samples has established that the period of eastern Polynesian colonization took place much later, in a shorter time frame of two waves: the "earliest in the Society Islands A.D. ∼1025–1120, four centuries later than previously assumed; then after 70–265 years, dispersal continued in one major pulse to all remaining islands A.D. ∼1190–1290." This rapid colonization is believed to account for the "remarkable uniformity of East Polynesia culture, biology and language." The new information will require major reworking of scholarship about the development of linguistics and culture in the islands. Ethnological and linguistic evidence suggests that they likely migrated from the Western regions of Polynesia.Marquesas Islands is in French Polynesia. When using our French Polynesia trip itinerary planner , you're building your holiday based on your own interests, visitor reviews, and the informed opinions of our well-traveled writers.
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1 day in Nuku Hiva BY A USER FROM UNITED STATES January, popular sights PREFERENCES: January ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 1 day in Nuku Hiva BY A USER FROM BELGIUM January, outdoors, popular sights PREFERENCES: January, outdoors ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 1 day in Nuku Hiva BY A USER FROM AUSTRALIA November, culture, historic sites, museums, popular sights PREFERENCES: November, culture, historic sites, museums ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 18 days in French Polynesia BY A USER FROM SWITZERLAND June, kids, culture, outdoors, relaxing, beaches, historic sites, museums, shopping, wildlife, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: June, kids, culture, outdoors, relaxing, beaches, historic sites, museums, shopping, wildlife ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Medium 18 days in French Polynesia BY A USER FROM SINGAPORE June, outdoors, wildlife, popular sights PREFERENCES: June, outdoors, wildlife ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 1 day in Nuku Hiva BY A USER FROM UNITED STATES March, culture, popular sights PREFERENCES: March, culture ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium