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Paldiski is a town and Baltic Sea port situated on the Pakri peninsula of north-western Estonia. Originally a Swedish settlement known as Rågervik, it became a Russian naval base in the 18th century. The Russians renamed it Балтийский Порт ("Baltiyskiy Port", i.e. Baltic Port, Baltisch-Port) in 1762. In Estonian the name was spelled Baltiski until 1933 when the Estonian pronunciation Paldiski became the official name.HistoryRussian EmpireOn 23 June 1912 the Russian emperor Nikolai II and German kaiser Wilhelm II met for the last time before World War I in Paldiski.Soviet eraIn 1962, Paldiski became a Soviet Navy nuclear submarine training centre. Employing some 16,000 people, and with two land-based nuclear reactors (at 70 MW and 90 MW power, respectively), it was the largest such facility in the Soviet Union. Because of its importance, the whole city was closed off with barbed wire until the last Russian warship left in August 1994, when the city ceased to be a closed city. This followed the events of 1991, when the Soviet Union collapsed and Estonia regained independence. To house the stationing troops and those in training, many barracks buildings were built, which have since been left in disrepair. Russia relinquished control of reactor facilities in September 1995; the nuclear reactors were shut down, and nuclear material was transported back to Russia. The reactors were thereafter decommissioned.Paldiski is in Harju County. Take a peek at our world travel planner: Paldiski and its charms laid bare and easily scheduled.
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Top Paldiski tours
Day Trip to Paldiski and the Coastal Cliffs of Northwest Estonia BOOK WITH VIATOR FROM $58
Duration: 7 hours
Guided Day Tour to Western Coast and Haapsalu from Tallinn BOOK WITH VIATOR FROM $172
Duration: 7 hours
Estonian Seaside Tour BOOK WITH VIATOR FROM $229
Duration: 4 hours
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1 day in Paldiski BY A USER FROM LATVIA March, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: March ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Medium 1 day in Paldiski SEE PLAN January, outdoors, hidden gems PREFERENCES: January, outdoors ATTRACTION STYLE: Hidden gems PACE: Medium 2 days in Paldiski BY A USER FROM RUSSIA November, culture, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites, museums, shopping, wildlife, popular sights PREFERENCES: November, culture, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites, museums, shopping, wildlife ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 1 day in Paldiski BY A USER FROM CANADA October, popular sights PREFERENCES: October ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 2 days in Paldiski BY A USER FROM FINLAND August, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, beaches, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: August, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, beaches ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Medium 8 days in Estonia BY A USER FROM ESTONIA October, popular sights PREFERENCES: October ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium