リンツはオーストリアの中でも文化都市の位置づけ。たくさんのミュージアムや教会があります。そんなミュージアムの一つがこの州立博物館、城館のような美しい建物の中にあるのです。 more »Linz is a cultural city in Austria. There are many museums and churches. One of these museums is in a beautiful building like this state Museum and Castle Pavilion.
Ein Juwel mitten in Linz. Das Gebäude cool der Park nett und sauber, das Museum hat es in Sich. Und Innen ist der Bau Beeindruckend. more »A jewel in the middle of Linz. The building cool the Park nice and clean, the Museum has it all. And inside the building is impressive.
The establishment of the Francisco-Carolinum Museum (now: Oberösterreichisches Landesmuseum) dates back to the year 1833, when it was founded on the initiative of the Linz District Administrator Anton Reichsritter von Spaun. The four subjects and collection areas still being focused on to this day were already in its 1835 statutes: History and topography, the artistic (= art), natural history and technology (= applied arts, devices, machines, models etc.). The subjects laid out at that time developed into special collections, which were compiled in the beginning from private collections in aristocratic circles, from monasteries or the bourgeoisie. Early focuses included antique weapons and military equipment, antique coins, graphic works, technological objects and holdings, correlating with applied biology and particularities of the natural sciences. Following the opening of the Museum Francisco-Carolinum on the Museumstrasse in the year 1895, the collections experienced an enormous increase in objects, in particular the natural sciences faculty developed quite vigorously and turned itself towards basic research. In addition in 1854 the Landesgalerie, founded by the Oberösterreichischer Kunstverein at the suggestion of its Vice President Adalbert Stifter, also relocated to the new museum building. In 1896 the Oberösterreichische Landesarchiv [Upper Austrian State Archive] was outsourced as its own institution, the first full-time humanities officer (Dr Hermann Ubell) was hired in 1903, the first natural sciences curator (Dr Theodor Kerschner) in 1914. Organisational changes in the collection and research activities after 1946 brought about new spatial requirements and thematic specialisations. New institutions emerged from the Oberösterreichisches Landesmuseum during this period, such as the Institut für Landeskunde [Institute for regional studies], the “Mittelstelle für die Heimathäuser und Ortsmuseen” [administration for local traditional houses and local museums] and the Adalbert-Stifter-Institut. After the first sections became publically accessible in 1963, the Schlossmuseum was ceremonially inaugurated in 1966 as the Museum for the Cultural History of the State. Most of the depots in the Francisco-Carolinum were liquidated between 1985 and 1997. In 1986 the Landesgalerie - its collection had been entrusted to the museum in 1903 and had been presented since 1924 in a painting gallery together with the museum’s works - was reactivated and reopened as an institution for the promotion of contemporary art. The premises this freed up were then able to be used as spacious exhibition areas. The completion of the Biologiezentrum in Linz-Dornach in 1993 brought about additional spatial relief. This houses the botanical and entomological as well as other parts of the zoological collections of the Landesmuseum. The outsourced sections of the collection are housed in a depot in Linz-Urfahr. Smaller natural science exhibition are also on display in the Biologiezentrum.
Very good expositions, nice building and kind people
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